Ottawa Canada History
Ottawa is a very old city that still has a lot of history, but still has an impact on the lives of its citizens and the world in general.
The history of Ottawa, the Canadian capital, is shaped by many factors, including its location on the Ottawa River and the political boundaries that now exist between Quebec and Ontario. The first permanent settlement in the region was on the north side of the Ottawa River, as it was part of an Aboriginal trade route. The Algonquins still live on both sides of the lake, but much further west, at Lake Huron, is their traditional territory. This is where the Ottawa Outaouais settled and one of their first settlements was located.
When it came time to designate a capital city for a united Canada, the Heads of State and Government were prompted to ask Queen Victoria to clarify the issue. Urban rivalries made the election politically dangerous, and the railroad made Ottawa an attractive location for Canada's new capital (see History of Parliament Hill). The fact that the site would be somewhat centralized had an impact on the decision and Ottawa was selected. The issue was forced on her and the city rivalry made the decision political and dangerous.
The capital of Upper Canada changed hands between several cities for a while, but in 1857 Queen Victoria was asked to choose a more permanent location. Over the next 16 years, there was ongoing debate about which capital the new province should be. Candidates included Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa and even Montreal itself, as well as the city of Montreal.
The British proposed turning the Rideau River into a canal to serve as an alternative shipping and transportation route to divert traffic. In the 1840s, many ships sailed between Montreal, Ottawa and the Rideau Canal to reach the Great Lakes and from there.
As Father Le Mercier told Father Allouez, he treated Ottawa, Kiskakon, Ottawa and Sinago as one tribe, because they spoke the same language and together formed a common city. The river itself was used for tourism, however, and there was a commonly known "Ottawa" or "Rideau River" in its name. Undoubtedly, Ottawa, which is frequently visited and often the first Western tribe to cross trade routes and French settlements, is named after the people who named it.
While proposals to give the city an original name were published as early as 1844, the name Ottawa was proposed by the mayor of Turgeon and the local council in 1845, which led the Ottawa population to start using the river again as a transitional point for those who came to Montreal for trade. Bytown, which is no longer a city, was renamed and the city of Ottawa incorporated.
It was founded in 1855 as the city of Ottawa and continued to grow as an important administrative center. In 1857, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital of Canada, and the Parliament building on Parliament Hill was soon completed. Ottawa was also to be home to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCAF), the first Canadian police force. When the Dominion of Canada was founded a decade later, Ottawa remained the capital and was elected by Queen Viktor II as her second capital after Montreal.
In 1855 Ottawa was incorporated as a city of Ottawa and thus the future capital of Canada (originally called Bytown) was founded. In 1857, Queen Victoria elected Ottawa as the capital of Canada, but it was not until 1866 that Ottawa was officially designated the "capital" of the Canadian province and began to form the parliament. The Canadian government concluded in 1899 that Ottawa, if it were to be an important administrative center for the ever-expanding Dominion, should be in order, and so the Ottawa Improvement Commission (OIC) was established.
In 1874, construction of the Ottawa River Bridge, the first of its kind in the world, began. The team consisted of engineers, architects and engineers from all over Canada and the United States who helped build this world - the famous Rideau Canal, which connects the Ottawa River with the capital, Kingston. Ottawa's home received its first water supply in 1876, which was extracted from wooden pipes along the Ontario River.
Europeans settled in Ottawa in the 19th century, when Philemon Wright came to trade in timber and the name was changed to Ottawa. Wright cleared the thick pine forests of the Ottawa region and provided them as a timber mill. The timber trade contributed to the growth of the city and in 1855 it was taken over by the Algonquin word adawe, which means "trade," and renamed Ottawa, a year before the railroad came.
He traveled to the area in 1823 and arranged for land to be purchased along the Ottawa River, including what is now Parliament Hill, as well as much of the city's land.